Biomedical Statistics and Informatics

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Seroprevalence, Serotyping, and Associated Risk Factors of Foot and Mouth Diseases in Bovine in Western Amhara Regional State, North Western Ethiopia

Received: 16 November 2023    Accepted: 15 January 2024    Published: 27 February 2024
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Abstract

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is the most contagious disease of animals. The disease affects domestic cloven-hoofed animals, including cattle, swine, sheep, and goats, deer, and is characterized by fever, lameness, and vesicular lesions on the tongue, feet, snout, and teats. The study aimed to determine seroprevalence of FMD (Foot and Mouth Disease), to identifay type of serotypes and to know associated risk factors. A total of 389 sera samples were collected from cattle in four districts of the north western Amhara region and subjected to a 3ABC enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay. The overall seroprevalence of FMDV was 5.66% (22/389); (95%; CI: 3.34% to 7.98%). The 22 positive samples were subjected to solid phase competitive ELISA to identify specific serotypes. The occurrence of FMD was higher in Adet (OR= 12.8), greater in the semi-intensive than extensive production systems (OR=10.4) and highly occurred in the cross breed than local breed cattle (OR=3.56). Serotypes identified in the four districts were type O, SAT2, and A. This study revealed that FMD is a prevalent and endemic disease. Thus, awareness creation to the stakeholders on the control and prevention of a disease is required. Further epidemiological investigation and vaccine trials should be conducted.

DOI 10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11
Published in Biomedical Statistics and Informatics (Volume 9, Issue 1, March 2024)
Page(s) 1-8
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Foot and Mouth Disease, Risk Factors, Sero-Prevalence, Serotype

References
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[2] Ahmed B, Megersa L, Mulatu G, Siraj M, Boneya G. Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of foot and mouth disease in cattle in West Shewa Zone, Ethiopia. Veterinary medicine international. 2020 Mar 31; 2020.
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  • APA Style

    Yirdaw, B., Jibril, Y., Muluneh, A. (2024). Seroprevalence, Serotyping, and Associated Risk Factors of Foot and Mouth Diseases in Bovine in Western Amhara Regional State, North Western Ethiopia. Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, 9(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11

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    ACS Style

    Yirdaw, B.; Jibril, Y.; Muluneh, A. Seroprevalence, Serotyping, and Associated Risk Factors of Foot and Mouth Diseases in Bovine in Western Amhara Regional State, North Western Ethiopia. Biomed. Stat. Inform. 2024, 9(1), 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11

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    AMA Style

    Yirdaw B, Jibril Y, Muluneh A. Seroprevalence, Serotyping, and Associated Risk Factors of Foot and Mouth Diseases in Bovine in Western Amhara Regional State, North Western Ethiopia. Biomed Stat Inform. 2024;9(1):1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11,
      author = {Betelihem Yirdaw and Yasmin Jibril and Ayelech Muluneh},
      title = {Seroprevalence, Serotyping, and Associated Risk Factors of Foot and Mouth Diseases in Bovine in Western Amhara Regional State, North Western Ethiopia},
      journal = {Biomedical Statistics and Informatics},
      volume = {9},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-8},
      doi = {10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.bsi.20240901.11},
      abstract = {Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is the most contagious disease of animals. The disease affects domestic cloven-hoofed animals, including cattle, swine, sheep, and goats, deer, and is characterized by fever, lameness, and vesicular lesions on the tongue, feet, snout, and teats. The study aimed to determine seroprevalence of FMD (Foot and Mouth Disease), to identifay type of serotypes and to know associated risk factors. A total of 389 sera samples were collected from cattle in four districts of the north western Amhara region and subjected to a 3ABC enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay. The overall seroprevalence of FMDV was 5.66% (22/389); (95%; CI: 3.34% to 7.98%). The 22 positive samples were subjected to solid phase competitive ELISA to identify specific serotypes. The occurrence of FMD was higher in Adet (OR= 12.8), greater in the semi-intensive than extensive production systems (OR=10.4) and highly occurred in the cross breed than local breed cattle (OR=3.56). Serotypes identified in the four districts were type O, SAT2, and A. This study revealed that FMD is a prevalent and endemic disease. Thus, awareness creation to the stakeholders on the control and prevention of a disease is required. Further epidemiological investigation and vaccine trials should be conducted.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    T1  - Seroprevalence, Serotyping, and Associated Risk Factors of Foot and Mouth Diseases in Bovine in Western Amhara Regional State, North Western Ethiopia
    AU  - Betelihem Yirdaw
    AU  - Yasmin Jibril
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    JO  - Biomedical Statistics and Informatics
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bsi.20240901.11
    AB  - Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is the most contagious disease of animals. The disease affects domestic cloven-hoofed animals, including cattle, swine, sheep, and goats, deer, and is characterized by fever, lameness, and vesicular lesions on the tongue, feet, snout, and teats. The study aimed to determine seroprevalence of FMD (Foot and Mouth Disease), to identifay type of serotypes and to know associated risk factors. A total of 389 sera samples were collected from cattle in four districts of the north western Amhara region and subjected to a 3ABC enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay. The overall seroprevalence of FMDV was 5.66% (22/389); (95%; CI: 3.34% to 7.98%). The 22 positive samples were subjected to solid phase competitive ELISA to identify specific serotypes. The occurrence of FMD was higher in Adet (OR= 12.8), greater in the semi-intensive than extensive production systems (OR=10.4) and highly occurred in the cross breed than local breed cattle (OR=3.56). Serotypes identified in the four districts were type O, SAT2, and A. This study revealed that FMD is a prevalent and endemic disease. Thus, awareness creation to the stakeholders on the control and prevention of a disease is required. Further epidemiological investigation and vaccine trials should be conducted.
    
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 1
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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Assosa, Ethiopia

  • College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • National Animal Health Diagnosis and Investigation Center (NADIC), Sebeta, Ethiopia

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